The African Roots of Jazz Music (1800’s)
The slaves who came from West Africa carried the first seeds of jazz music despite the horrid living conditions in the American South. European influences helped nurture those seeds into becoming the earlier known for of jazz music. It’s an infusion that took decades to reach fruition.
At that point, jazz was no longer African nor European but a purely American art form. Therefore, without the slave trade, jazz wouldn’t have evolved. In other countries, where African slaves were separated in close communities, they retained their pure African music.
Jazz Reaches Maturation (Early 20th Century)
Jazz took its distinctive musical style with the coming together of many elements over time. It manifested in work songs, religious hymns, and funeral processions. Furthermore, it became a popular dance music.
Due to racism, black people who performed as jazz musicians found themselves out of work. Therefore, they picked up ragtime and that’s when jazz started to enter a new evolution phase. It was the time of New Orleans Jazz.
Modern Jazz As We Know It
Jazz evolved in New Orleans between 1910 and 1915. It was the time of jazz giants who played the cornet and clarinet including Buddy Bolden, Buddy Petit, and Keppard. Strangely enough, a mediocre group of white musicians called the Original Dixieland Jazz Band created the first jazz records in New York City. Although they were from New Orleans, they weren’t representative of New Orleans jazz.
Depending on how you define “jazz music,” it wasn’t confined to New Orleans. Musicians played jazz all over the United States including Los Angeles, Missouri, and Colorado.